Why Land Surveying is Important

Why Land surveying is important

Why Land Surveying is Important

What is a land survey, and why is it essential in civil engineering projects? Land surveys are studies and analyses that map a project site’s physical boundaries and characteristics. Surveys highlight the environmental factors that might affect the course of the project and how the finished structures might be affected by the terrain over time.

As one of the most trusted and experienced civil engineering organizations in the Southeast, we’ve compiled a short primer on what makes land surveyors so critical to a project’s success. First, let’s explore the fundamentals: what does a land surveyor do, and why are their services necessary?

What Do Land Surveying Services Include?

Land surveying is the foundation of any commercial development or public works project, which require advanced and accurate land surveys to determine boundaries, build conditions, features, and other spatial data that will impact a structure during and after construction. A land survey team’s core services include:

  • Property surveys of property boundaries, land titles, easement plats for utility access, and planning lots or subdivisions
  • Existing conditions, including topographic surveys, issuing elevation certificates, current conditions analysis, and tree surveys
  • Environmental surveys could involve covenant plats, preservation limits, wetlands analysis and mapping, or even archaeological sites.
  • Construction services, from monitoring and pre-design phases to staking and recording/post-construction services.
  • Geographic Information Systems (GIS), a computerized system for storing, analyzing and manipulating geographically based information.
  • Airport surveys to ensure safe plane take-off and entry with both airside and landside considerations.
  • Professional services, including private and legal processes (e.g., functioning as expert witnesses in land disputes or helping developers site their designs appropriately)

Today, these services are performed with advanced GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) and GIS technologies, which allow land surveyors to measure critical features of a job site with astonishing accuracy.

Why Do You Need Surveying Services?

From building the proper foundations of an AEC project to determining if the completed structure will work effectively with its physical surroundings, land surveying is how civil engineers and land development professionals learn if their designs will work as intended in a given environment.

Depending on the type of construction project, any combination of land surveys may be needed to show that the project can commence on stable grounds and unfold in harmony with the surroundings. Land surveying also plays a critical role in legal matters, where it’s necessary to heed exact boundaries, define property rights and relevant regulations for an area’s use.

How Do Land Surveying and Civil Engineering Work Together?

Land surveys and civil engineering go hand in hand – but how does a land surveyor fit into the civil engineering process?

Generally, the land surveyor must provide technical and construction specialists with critical insights about the terrain that will significantly impact construction procedures and the initial design. Even before that point, the land surveyor helps all stakeholders know how specific legal and zoning requirements can be met with respect to property boundaries.

Land surveys can also help project managers develop the safest procedures by revealing the natural factors that could make the land more accessible or more challenging. A surveyor’s guidance is often sought when project managers know how to work most effectively with the land (instead of against it).

Turn to Thomas & Hutton For Land Surveying Needs

For the better part of a century, Thomas & Hutton has made land surveying one of our foundational services for developers and public infrastructure works throughout South Carolina, North Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, and the southeastern region. Here, analyzing our highly varied terrain to help cities grow is what a land surveyor does most – and it requires an extremely broad range of knowledge, skills, and functions.

Being a critical component of our in-house civil engineering services, we’re always scouting the most promising new land surveyors. If you’d like to join our team and play a central role in developing essential infrastructure and development projects across various southeastern communities, contact us, and tell our knowledgeable representatives about your career ambitions.